AFPM members aren’t directly involved in shale development, but it is important to us. Here’s why: Hydraulic fracturing (or "fracking) has helped us access an unprecedented supply of U.S. oil and natural gas. This has made it possible for American refiners and petrochemical manufacturers to deliver an economical and reliable supply of fuels to people and businesses around the world. Fracking strengthens our economy with more jobs, infrastructure development, and greater tax revenue and it's putting us on a path towards energy independence.
We’ve compiled materials from the experts to provide additional information on the impact of shale. Visit our educational resource center at AFPM.org if you want more specifics.
Hydraulic fracturing has been used for more than 60 years and has been safely and effectively applied to more than 1.1 million oil and gas wells in the U.S. alone. These wells make up about half of the oil and about two-thirds of the current national gas production in the U.S. What’s more, natural gas from shale exploration has allowed the U.S. to cut carbon dioxide emissions more than any other country since 2006.
Federal officials and geologists agree that noticeable earthquake activity from hydraulic fracturing is very rare. Some studies, however, suggest a possible link to the injection of wastewater from drilling. Wastewater injections wells have been around since the 1930s and are used to dispose of wastes from a multitude of sources, including municipal wastewater. Deep-well wastewater injection has been regulated for many years, including wells used for wastewater from hydraulic fracturing. The injection of wastewater from drilling poses no increased risk to seismic activity than does other sources of wastewater underground injection; however, as with all injections, it must be appropriately managed and monitored.