When most people think of our industries they think of fuel and there’s good reason why. Gasoline is the largest volume petroleum product, accounting for nearly half of U.S. petroleum product production.
Gasoline (motor and aviation); Diesel fuel (road, locomotive, ships, farm tractors, bulldozers, forklifts, underground mining equipment, backhoes, cranes); Home heating oil (space heating, electricity generation, crop drying, fuel for irrigation pumps on farms); Jet fuel; Kerosene (space heating, cooking stoves, water heaters, lamp oil); Residual fuel oil (boilers, ships); Liquefied refinery gases (ethane/ethylene, propane/propylene, normal butane/butylene, isobutane/isobutylene); and Still gas (refinery fuel).
Asphalt; Lubricants (engine oil, gear oil, automatic transmission fluid); Petroleum coke (carbon electrodes, electric switches); Road oil (dust suppressor, surface treatment on roads, roofing, waterproofing); Solvents; Wax (chewing gum, candles, crayons, sealing wax, canning wax, polishes); and other products (cutting oil, petroleum jelly, fertilizers).
These building blocks are used to make most of the household items that make modern life possible, including: plastics, solvents, detergents, flooring, furniture, insulating materials, medicine, and cosmetics.
A U.S 42-gallon barrel of crude oil yields about 45 gallons of petroleum products in U.S. refineries because of refinery "processing gain". This increase in volume is similar to what happens to popcorn when it is popped.