How do our products move?
Around the World
These benefits, however, rely upon the existence of a modern and expansive “midstream” infrastructure sector. This sophisticated, interconnected system of pipelines, ports and waterways, railroads, roadways and storage facilities serve as the essential link between where oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids (NGLs) are extracted – referred to as “upstream” – and the refineries and petrochemical manufacturing facilities where these raw materials are turned into fuels and other essential goods in the “downstream” segments.
It moves fuels from refineries to regional storage terminals and to retail outlets and petrochemical products from the plants that produce them to the manufacturing facilities that turn them into myriad everyday consumer products that make modern life possible.
The U.S. is part of a thriving global market for raw materials and finished products. In 2019, the United States supplied 275 billion gallons of gasoline, diesel, jet fuel and other products to consumers in the United States and exported more than 84 billion gallons of products to consumers in 136 countries. American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers’ (AFPM) members are investing billions of dollars in the midstream sector, building, expanding, and modernizing the energy infrastructure network needed to safely and efficiently move and store increasing volumes of America’s energy resources.
Pipelines, considered the safest way to transport oil and natural gas, are highly regulated by the Pipeline and Hazardous Material Safety Administration (PHMSA), a federal agency that ensures safe, reliable and environmentally-sound operation of the pipeline transportation system. Not only do the companies that build and operate the pipelines comply with PHMSA's safety standards, they often exceed them.